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12 PCB Thermal Management Techniques to Reduce PCB Heating

Modern electronics use high-power components like high-performance processors, MOSFETs, high-power LEDs, IGBTs, etc. We know there is a trend in ... more »

PCB Design

Wire Bonding: An Efficient Interconnection Technique

For an IC package to function as intended, the channel that connects it to the power supply should be reliable. ... more »

PCB Assembly

The Importance of PCB Layer Count Estimation

PCB layer count estimation allows a designer to gauge the number of signal and power layers required in a design.

PCB Design

OhmegaPly and TCR Materials with Embedded Passives Technology in PCB Manufacturing

OhmeagPly (resistive conductive material) and TCR material (thin-film resistor foil) follow the method of embedded passives technology (EPT) that manufactures ... more »

PCB Manufacturing

Lamination Voids and Delamination in PCB Manufacturing

Lamination voids refer to the absence of epoxy resin in a circuit board. This can be detected while observing a ... more »

PCB Manufacturing

Handle Crosstalk in High-Speed PCB Design

Signal integrity measurements have become a critical step in the process of developing digital systems. Signal integrity problems such as ... more »

PCB Design

Schematic and Netlist Checks to Ensure Error-Free Designs

Schematic and netlist checks are performed to check schematic symbols, electrical characteristics verification, and analyze the netlist consistency.

PCB Design

7 Factors that Impact RF PCB Design

An RF PCB design is a bit different from a conventional board. What makes it distinct are parameters like impedance ... more »

PCB Design

PCB Assembly Inspection Report Format

Documentation is a pivotal component of the product lifecycle. PCB assembly inspection report is an essential element of the documentation ... more »

PCB Assembly

PCBAs for Aerospace Thermal Control System

At first glance, the term thermal control system (TCS) may seem complex. But it simply means maintaining the desired temperature ... more »

Defense & Space

Common Problems Associated With Gerber Files

The most common problems seen in Gerber files include design mismatch, insufficient clearances, obsolete file formats, unregistered layers, and incomplete ... more »

PCB Design

5 Attributes to Detect Counterfeit Electronic Components

Counterfeit electronic components pose a significant risk to various industries across the globe. These fake parts affect almost all sectors ... more »

PCB Assembly

How to Generate PCB Assembly Files

PCB assembly requires certain files to provide a basic idea about the component positions, orientation, and courtyard information of each ... more »

PCB Assembly

6 Types of Electronic Component Failures in PCBs

Electronics is at its peak with the advent of digitization. The components used in electronic equipment may experience certain failures ... more »

PCB Assembly

How to Reduce Ground Bounce in PCB Assembly

Ground bounce is a source of noise in a PCB assembly. It is important to prevent this as it interrupts ... more »

PCB Assembly

Medical Device Regulations for PCB Assembly

Adhering to industry-specific rules and regulations is an essential prerequisite for any product. Medical device regulations for PCBA are crucial ... more »

How To PCB

How Vibrations in Space Vehicles Affect PCBA

Effects of vibrations on PCBA causes fatigue and eventually fail some parts in space missions. These electronic devices should function ... more »

Defense & Space

IPC J-STD-001 Standard Soldering Requirements

J-STD-001 is a standard issued by IPC for soldered electrical and electronic assemblies. The standard specifies material specifications, process requirements, ... more »

How To PCB

Specifying Your Controlled Impedance Requirements

Circuit board manufacturers have invested in advanced modeling software and testing devices to specify the controlled impedance requirements to fulfill ... more »

Controlled Impedance

DFM for Flex and Rigid-Flex PCBs Utilizing SMT

Design for manufacturing (DFM) guidelines resolves potential issues that can occur during the manufacturing and assembly of circuit boards. DFM ... more »

Flex PCBs

Choosing Smaller Footprints for HDI Design

The main agenda of using HDI technology is to pack more components on a smaller board. Choosing smaller footprints for ... more »

HDI / Blind & Buried Vias

Handling Differential Signaling in Flex PCBs

Most modern devices employ differential signaling to meet high-speed and high data-rate needs. Controlling differential signaling in rigid PCBs is ... more »

Controlled Impedance

PCB Footprint Creation in Allegro, Altium Designer & KiCad

Components that need to be assembled on a PCB will have designated locations according to the design. Footprint is the ... more »

How To PCB

Key Aspects of DFM for HDI PCBs

Design for manufacturability (DFM) for HDI PCBs refers to designing layouts that reduce the errors associated with fabrication and assembly.

Defense & Space

Top Missing Information When Requesting a PCB Quote

Once a circuit board designer prepares the design, the next step is to find a manufacturer to transform it into ... more »

How To PCB

Impedance Matching in HDI PCB Design

Impedance matching is the way of configuring the input impedance of a load or the output impedance of its signal ... more »

Controlled Impedance

Decoupling Capacitor Placement Guidelines for PCB Design

Decoupling is a way of isolating signal components from composite signals based on frequency. Therefore, understanding which range of frequencies ... more »

How To PCB

How to Work Around Black Pad in ENIG Finish

Black pad has long been a problem for ENIG surface finishes. What are the best ways to work around it?

How To PCB

What Should a PCB Fab Drawing Include?

A fab drawing is one of the different file types that convey the manufacturing details of a printed circuit board.

How To PCB

Mastering the Art of PCB Design Basics

To be a proficient designer, understanding the basics of PCB design is vital. The knowledge of appropriate component selection, schematic ... more »

How To PCB

The Touchscreen Technology Market

The global touchscreen technology market is expected to witness a CAGR of 6.75% during the forecast period to reach revenue ... more »

Industry News

Applying IPC-2221 Standards in Circuit Board Design

IPC-2221 is a generic standard for circuit board design. It lays down the requirements for PCB design and different forms ... more »

How To PCB

Significance of Electromagnetic Field Solvers

Electromagnetic fields are part of the spectrum ranging from static magnetic fields to high-intensity gamma rays. These fields are generated ... more »

How To PCB

The Underwater Monitoring Market

APAC is leading the global underwater monitoring system for oil and gas market today. North America is expected to grow ... more »

Industry News

Case Study: PCBs for Healthcare and Life Science Industry

PCBs are an essential part of electronics used in scientific and medical cameras, machine vision, spectroscopy, and research & development ... more »

Case Studies

S-parameters Measurement Using a Vector Network Analyzer

Designing a board for operating frequencies higher than a few hundred MHz becomes challenging as it is difficult to measure ... more »

How To PCB

The Connected Car Market

North America is leading the global connected car market, with the U.S. expected to increase its dominance through 2025.

Automotive

How to Reduce Signal Attenuation in High-Speed PCBs

Signal attenuation is the most prevalent term when high-speed signals propagate on a circuit board. It is one of the ... more »

How To PCB

The LiDAR Market

The global LiDAR market is expected to witness a CAGR of 14.1% during the forecast period to reach revenue of ... more »

Automotive

The Cube Satellite Market

The global cube satellite market is expected to witness a CAGR of 12.2% during the forecast period to reach revenue ... more »

Defense & Space

What is a Bill of Materials in PCB Design?

Before we start any project, it is a good habit to make a list of all the components and materials ... more »

How To PCB

How Does Circuit Simulation Work?

PCB designers have to consider various design parameters in order to design a successful board. To ensure their design is ... more »

How To PCB

What Are QFN Packages?

The surface-mount IC packages that are assembled on a PCB are available in different types. The most popular ones among ... more »

How To PCB

PCB Via Design Using Altium Designer

The early days of PCB fabrication saw the exclusive use of through-hole vias that span the complete thickness of the ... more »

How To PCB

How does Laser Drilling Work in PCBs?

Laser drilling creates precise holes on a PCB to establish connections between different layers. The sleek gadgets that we all ... more »

How To PCB

What is Solder Mask Layer?

After PCB fabrication, the copper traces on the board typically face the risk of oxidation and corrosion due to environmental ... more »

How To PCB

What is Conformal Coating?

A critical part of PCB manufacturing is to protect the board from adverse environmental conditions by using various treatments and ... more »

How To PCB

What is the Use of a Decoupling Capacitor?

System noise has become a critical issue for both analog and digital devices. The requirement for speedy interfaces and lower ... more »

How To PCB

Case Study: PCBs for Automotive Sensors

The latest automobile designs involve multiple auto sensors. These sensors are integrated into automobile systems to identify and notify changes ... more »

Automotive

What is a Pad in PCB Design and Development?

The quality of a circuit board assembly depends on several factors such as the interface between the board and the ... more »

How To PCB

What is ITAR, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations?

Think about the technology that your company has developed recently and planning to have a patent. You are even ready ... more »

Defense & Space

What is Surface Finish in PCB Manufacturing?

In circuit board manufacturing, the process of implementing the PCB surface finish is critical in enhancing the reliability and shelf ... more »

How To PCB

How to Reduce Parasitic Capacitance in PCB Layout

A PCB consists of several parallelly spanned conductors, say traces, separated by an insulator. These traces, along with dielectric material, ... more »

How To PCB

What Is PCIe (PCI Express)?

Innovation in computing is an ongoing trend that keeps growing exponentially in today's digital world. With data transfer being a ... more »

How To PCB

Case Study: Enabling the LiDAR Industry

LiDAR is an emerging technology along the lines of radar and sonar which identifies and maps objects besides terrain. While ... more »

Case Studies

Case Study: Meeting the Robotic Surgery PCB Challenges

Robotic surgery requires remotely operated, minimally invasive surgical tools. It assists the surgeon with more control, accuracy, and flexibility during ... more »

Case Studies

Design Rule Check (DRC) for PCB Manufacturing

PCB design and manufacturing is a complex process managing thousands of components and connections across a multi-layer board. It is ... more »

How To PCB

How to Export Gerber and Design Files in Allegro

After the layout, the design is converted into a standard file format called Gerber files. Most PCB makers use this ... more »

How To PCB

High Voltage Circuit Boards and Safety Standards

High voltage board designing requires an understanding of international safety standards such as IPC 2221A and UL 60950-1. In this ... more »

How To PCB

How to Handle Current Return Path for Better Signal Integrity

Before we start with today’s article, something needs to get engraved in your mind. If some current goes out somewhere, ... more »

How To PCB

Copper Wrap Plating Requirement for PCB Manufacturing

Multilayer PCB fabrication is a consistently evolving, progressively complex interplay of processes, design rules, and product specifications. In this article, ... more »

How To PCB

9 Cost Drivers for Rigid Circuit Boards

Cost control steps should be taken in the early PCB production stages, including the actual circuit development stage. Be aware ... more »

How To PCB

What Is the Difference Between Microstrip and Stripline in PCBs?

PCBs typically use two types of transmission lines: microstrips and striplines. Each of the transmission lines consists of a signal ... more »

How To PCB

Why We Perform PCB Ionic Contamination Analysis

What can be more problematic than seeing your expensive PCB not performing as intended? What would you do if your ... more »

How To PCB

Controlled Impedance Routing Using Altium Designer

Controlled impedance is the characteristic impedance of a transmission line formed by PCB traces and its associated reference planes. It ... more »

Controlled Impedance

Why Use Thermal Pads in PCB Design and Manufacturing

With the advancement of technology and miniaturization of devices, the heat generated per unit area on a PCB has increased ... more »

How To PCB

Network Theory for Better PCB Design and Development

The study of resolving issues with electrical circuits and networks is called network theory. Network theory concepts are essential for ... more »

How To PCB

Laser Direct Imaging and its Advantages

When manufacturing a circuit board, one of the most critical aspects is printing and etching the layout on the copper-clad ... more »

How To PCB

Case Study: PCB Design for CubeSat Development

Cube satellite is a nascent market. Universities, research organizations, and even high schools have used simple, modular satellite design and ... more »

Case Studies

How to Control your Controlled Impedance

While manufacturing a PCB, controlled impedance can be achieved through specific dielectric thickness and by providing the target ohms on ... more »

Controlled Impedance

Component Placement Guidelines for PCB Design and Assembly

In the era of miniaturization and HDI PCBs, space optimization on the PCB might frequently affect proper component placement. Appropriate ... more »

PCB Assembly

What is Back Drilling in PCB Design and Manufacturing?

There are various challenges when it comes to PCB design and manufacture and one of them is retaining signal integrity. ... more »

How To PCB

The Importance of PCB Line Spacing for Creepage and Clearance

The PCB line spacing for creepage and clearance becomes an important factor from a product safety viewpoint when the standard ... more »

How To PCB

Why Controlled Impedance Really Matters?

Every day, PCB designs and components become smaller, faster – in other words, more complicated. It is now crucial to ... more »

Controlled Impedance

What is Signal Propagation Delay in a PCB?

Delay is frustrating, whether in our daily lives or the devices we use for our convenience. Propagation delay/time delay inhibits ... more »

Controlled Impedance

14 Tips For PCB Design For Assembly

Designing with PCB assembly in mind is one of the most important and frequently misunderstood elements. This series is dedicated to ... more »

PCB Assembly

Role of PCB Trace Current Capacity in Design

 The restrictions posed by the PCB trace current capacity are critically important when it comes to PCB design. While the ... more »

How To PCB

How to Avoid Crosstalk in HDI Substrate?

Miniaturization of the copper features in electronic circuits results from placing interconnections closely with a high packing density. As a ... more »

HDI / Blind & Buried Vias

PCB Manufacturing Defects Caused By Land Patterns

PCB land pattern defects should be treated with due attention since their design is very essential for the PCB manufacturing ... more »

How To PCB

7 Considerations for PCB Power Supply Design

Have you ever thought about how power is being transferred within complex PCBs? Yes, it is a challenging job for ... more »

How To PCB

What is Thermal Profiling in PCB Assembly

In the production and assembly of electronic products, precise control of process parameters is essential. This is done by continuous ... more »

PCB Assembly

8 Common Errors in Surface Mount Technology (SMT)

Surface mount technology is not a zero-defect soldering process. In this article, we will look into simple defects in surface ... more »

How To PCB

The Effects of High-Speed Signals in a PCB Design

The designers are constantly challenged to improve the performance of an electronic product. At the same time, the designers need ... more »

How To PCB

How to Export Gerber and Other Production Files in KiCad

In this tutorial, we will study how to export Gerber files and other production files in KiCad. To manufacture a ... more »

How To PCB

How to Export Gerber and Production Files in Altium Designer

In this tutorial, we will show you how to export Gerber and other production files in Altium Designer.

How To PCB

7 Tips and PCB Design Guidelines for EMI and EMC

Electromagnetic interference (EMI) is associated with every electronic device we use nowadays. If you turn on your radio set and ... more »

Controlled Impedance

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Surface Mount Technology (SMT)

Surface Mount Technology is part of the electronic assembly that deals with the mounting of electronic components to the surface ... more »

How To PCB

How Flying Probe Testing Works for PCB Assembly

In-circuit testing tests the workings of a PCB assembly, i.e., white box testing. Here, we use electric probes to check ... more »

PCB Assembly

Gerber, ODB++ and Other PCB Design Files Required by a Manufacturer

PCB is the backbone of all major electronic devices and is also responsible for making devices compact and efficient. A ... more »

How To PCB

Understanding Signal Integrity in PCBs

When a signal is transmitted, the received signal will always be distorted as a consequence of impedance and other effects. ... more »

How To PCB

How to Route a PCB in KiCad

We selected an 8-mil track width and spacing for the differential pair. But this needs to be done in a ... more »

How To PCB

How to Use Via-in-Pad for PCB Design and Manufacturing

Multi-layered printed circuit board design requires a means to establish connections between various layers. This is done using vias ranging ... more »

How To PCB

The Advantages of Flex PCBs And Their Applications

Modern electronics manufacturers often face contradictory requirements when integrating complex circuits into a finished application. The product needs to be ... more »

Flex PCBs

10 Tips To Help You Choose A PCB Design Vendor

No matter the case, precise manufacturing and quick turnaround times, as well as a reliable single point of support throughout ... more »

How To PCB

Medical PCBs: The Revolutionary Evolution in Healthcare

Healthcare ranges from small wearable devices that promote wellness to full-body imaging systems that analyze the health of internal organs. ... more »

How To PCB

Is Industry 4.0 Truly Revolutionary When It Comes to PCBs?

But this revolution is still in its infancy; therefore, it is not really plausible to define all of its attributes. ... more »

How To PCB

What is a PCB?

Imagine connecting your motherboard with a bunch of wires or even your phone. Can you make an idea what size ... more »

How To PCB

AI and Machine Learning: Similar and Yet Different

From there to now when it’s about big data, we have come a long way. Or rather it’s wise to ... more »

Industry News

NASA Case Study: Sensor Web Instruments

This NASA case study was originally published in Tech Briefs. It was written by Joshua Forgione, Electronics Engineer, NASA Ames ... more »

Case Studies

Juki Pick-and-Place Assembly Machine in Action

Sierra Circuits PCB assembly uses advanced Juki machines that place up to 15,000 components per hour, all the way down ... more »

Assembly Videos

Thermal Profile for Solder Reflow

Sierra Circuits develops a custom thermal profile for solder reflow that is unique for every PCB we assemble. We develop ... more »

Assembly Videos

Sierra Circuits is Your PCB Fab and Assembly One-Stop Shop

Sierra Circuits is more than just a leading PCB manufacturer. We are a one-stop-shop for all your PCB assembly needs. ... more »

Assembly Videos

How to Reduce EMI to Improve Signal Integrity

EMI may be caused by unexpected radiated emissions as well as though interference conducted along cables and traces. Common reasons ... more »

PCB Design

The Free Bill of Materials Tool for PCB Designers

The tool also informs you of long lead-time components, and gives users the option to change to a component with ... more »

How To PCB

Case Study: Quickturn PCB Prototype for Bluetooth Application

Punch Through Design sends prototype circuit board designs to Sierra Circuits, who is then able to turn around the boards ... more »

Case Studies

Rigid-Flex Webinar with Altium

Sierra and Altium have teamed up to bring you a rigid-flex webinar. We discussed rigid-flex PCB design for manufacturing tips, ... more »

Flex PCBs

Steps To Your PCB Prototype (For Hardware Start-ups)

John Teel shares the steps to creating a successful prototype printed circuit board. This includes the design, fabrication and assembly ... more »

How To PCB

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