# Via Thermal Resistance Calculator

## Sierra Circuits Via Thermal Resistance Calculator computes the required number of thermal vias you can include in a via arrangement connecting a thermal pad. This calculator also optimizes the drill diameter and spacing between two vias for a given number of thermal vias.

Effective heat transfer mechanisms in PCBs are crucial to enhancing their performance and reliability. They also aid in lowering noise levels and overall product costs. To provide a systematic thermal route from the chip (IC) to the heatsink, plated through-hole vias are implemented. These vertically drilled vias, known as thermal vias, typically connect all the layers of a board. Understanding the thermal resistance of these through-holes will help in determining their heat dissipation capacities.

Sierra Circuits’ Via Thermal Resistance Calculator computes the required number of thermal vias you can include in a via arrangement connecting a thermal pad. This calculator also optimizes the drill diameter and spacing between two vias for a given number of thermal vias.

## Features of the tool

• Supports two types of via pattern (via pattern 1 and via pattern 2)
• Provides a list of commonly used conductive and non-conductive epoxy via fills along with their thermal characteristics (Tg, CTE, and k)
• Supports multiple units(mm of via dimensions and plating thickness
• Determines the thermal resistance of via/vias by optimizing drill diameter and via-to-via spacing
• Input units can be changed

## How to use the Via Thermal Resistance Calculator

The input parameters for this tool are:

• Length of the thermal pad (l)
• Width of the thermal pad (w)
• Thermal conductivity of copper
• Thermal conductivity of the filler
• Via height
• Plating thickness

The output parameters:

• Thermal resistance of the single via
• Thermal resistance for the total number of vias

### Calculating drill diameter

First, choose the desired via pattern from the drop-down.

Via patterns

Now, input all the default parameters along with via to via spacing and the number of thermal vias and hit calculate beside the drill diameter field. The tool will display the optimum drill diameter.

### How to compute via to via spacing

Enter the values of all the default input parameters (length of the thermal pad, width of the thermal pad, thermal conductivity of copper, thermal conductivity of the filler, via height, and plating thickness), drill diameter, and the number of thermal vias. Click on calculate adjacent to the via to via spacing section. The suitable spacing values for your thermal vias will be displayed.

### Identifying the number of thermal vias

Here, you need to enter the values of all the default input parameters (length of the thermal pad, width of the thermal pad, thermal conductivity of copper, thermal conductivity of the filler, via height, and plating thickness), via to via spacing, and drill diameter. Next, hit calculate alongside the number of thermal vias section.

Sierra Circuits’ Via Thermal Resistance Calculator is an advanced PCB design tool that expedites the process of designing thermal vias. Using this application, you can quickly identify the thermal resistance of a single or a combination of vias. You can also calculate the accurate drill diameter, via to via spacing, and the thermal vias that can go into a thermal pad.

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