Kitting in PCB assembly is driven by growing customization and usage of component variants essential for assembly. Following the specific Sierra Circuits kitting guidelines is crucial to obtain high-quality products at competitive pricing.
What is kitting in PCB assembly?
Kitting is the process of putting together a set of components as a kit required to assemble circuit boards. Here the customer provides all the components that go on the board. Kitting brings all the materials/parts into one single package. It is extremely beneficial for the commencement of assembly since all the required components are available, verified, and placed in appropriate packaging.
Every board design and quantity requirements vary according to the customer. Hence, the kit criteria for each assembly project are different. In spite of these, there are particular rules to consider and standards to follow. The analogy could be that of cooking a recipe when all the ingredients are collected either from the market or from the kitchen and pantry. All these ingredients are brought together on the kitchen table and then cooked.
Kit criteria for components
Below is the list of approximated kit guidelines for each component.
Leaded components or ICs
- These parts should be sent in properly packaged containers (tubes, trays, or taps). Parts should be loaded in such a way that Pin1 should remain consistently in the same direction. Otherwise, it will cause directional placement issues resulting in compromised quality.
- If the parts are handled manually, it can lead to coplanarity problems.
Digital signal processing chips (DSPs) and other ICs
- Usually, these components require special handling. For example, moisture-sensitive components need baking. These should be sealed. If opened, they must be resealed according to specific techniques. In most cases, waffle trays are used for handling such parts.
- Passive components like capacitors and resistors should be in proper pick and place format.
- Include a few parts for attrition.
- For these parts, the original waffle packaging should be utilized to prevent damage to the leads.
- Engineers will review the stencil supplied by the customer to ensure production and machine compatibility.
- These sockets should be delivered in their original packaging to avoid damaged or bent leads. These parts will create several manufacturing and quality flaws if sent otherwise.
- These components can be supplied in tubes or in loose form.
- Typically, these components should be packed on reels to maintain their quality. Loose parts are also acceptable if they are properly packed and not oxidized in any way.
Important Sierra Circuits kitting guidelines
If you are asking for consigned assembly (partial turnkey) quote, make sure to send all the required components for assembly while placing an order. Here are some critical Sierra Circuits kitting guidelines:
1. Each SMD line item should be on a single continuous tape (a minimum of 12″ long cut tape/reel/mini-reel). If not placed on a tape or reel, they must be on trays or tubes.
2. When shipping multiple work orders in one box, each work order must be individually packaged with its own set of components.
3. Each item should have an additional quantity of components for attrition during assembly. Refer to the following specifications:
Discrete SMT passives
- 01005 size: Additional 50% attrition required with a minimum quantity of 150 pieces in a tape/reel/ mini-reel
- Extra components should be greater than 150 pcs or 50% of the required quantity.
- E.g., For 01005 size components, if required Qty = 70, 50% extra = 35, min Qty = 150. Total quantity required = 70 + max (35,150) = 70 + 150 = 220.
- 0201 size: Additional 50% attrition required with a minimum quantity of 150 pieces in a tape/reel/mini-reel.
- 0402 size:Additional 25% attrition required with a minimum qty of 150 pieces in a tape/reel/mini-reel.
- 0603 size: Additional 15% attrition required with a minimum qty of 75 pieces in a tape/reel/mini-reel.
- 0805 size: Additional 10% attrition required with a minimum of 75 pieces in a tape/reel/mini-reel.
- 1206 size or larger: Additional 10% attrition required with a minimum of 75 pieces in a tape/reel/mini-reel.
- Component width of 0.6 mm or smaller: 20% extra subject to a minimum of 20 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 20 pcs or 20% of the required quantity.
- Component width of 0.6-1 mm: 10% extra subject to a minimum of 10 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 10 pcs or 10% of the required quantity.
- Component width of 1-1.6 mm: 10% extra subject to a minimum of 5 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 5 pcs or 10% of the required quantity.
- Component width of 1.6- 2 mm: 5% extra subject to a minimum of 5 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 5 pcs or 5% of the required quantity.
- Component width larger than 2 mm: 5% extra subject to a minimum of 2 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 2 pcs or 5% of the required quantity.
3. Through-hole (DIP) ICs should be supplied in trays, tubes, or continuous tapes.
- Small devices: 5% extra subject to a minimum of 2 pcs
- Extra components should be greater than 2 pcs or 5% of the required quantity.
- Other devices: 2% extra subject to a minimum of 1 piece
- Extra components should be greater than 1 piece or 2% of the required quantity.
Hardware (screws, nuts, washers, etc.)
- Hardware costing less than $.50: 10% extra subject to a minimum of 5 pcs
- Hardware costing $.50-$2.00: 5% additional subject to a minimum of 2 pcs
- Hardware costing more than $2.00: 2% extra subject to a minimum of 1 piece
4. Lack of attrition will be interpreted as parts shortage.
5. USE OUR CUSTOMER CONSIGNED INVENTORY Form (CCI form)
- When you send us consigned items, the package must be accompanied by our CCI form. You will receive a CCI form by email shortly after you place an order that has consigned items. The CCI form is pre-filled with all the expected consigned components. If you do not receive a CCI form, please ask your sales person for it, or you can find it on the customer portal.
- If you are consigning parts for multiple work orders, please send us separate boxes with individual work orders. Do not mix parts from different work orders in the same box.
- When consigning shortages, you must still follow the above kitting guidelines for minimum attrition or quantity requirements.
- Restrictions on Consigned components: Sierra Circuits prefers to buy the components for assembly from our approved vendors for better efficiency and counterfeit-prevention. If customers do have to consign components, we expect them to consign us only hard-to-find parts or their custom parts. Specifically, we do not allow consigning of SMD resistors and capacitors unless these passives are not available in the open market.
- Handling charges for consigned components: Every consigned line item will incur a $7 handling fee, generally added to our assembly labor quote. For example, if you have 3 different line items being consigned (i.e., 3 different MPNs, whatever be the quantity) we will add a $21 charge for handling these consigned items.
If you are asking for full turnkey assembly, we will take care of all kitting requirements so you don’t have to.
Ship any consigned material to:
Attn: Consigned Material Receiving ( )
1980 Lundy Avenue
San Jose, CA 95131
You MUST mention either quote number, order number, or Inventory number in the ( ) on Attn: line.
If consigned items are being sent to Sierra Circuits from outside USA, please note the following:
- Customer/shipper is responsible for all customs & duties and must claim this when they fill out freight waybill. When filling out waybill there is option to check shipper as being responsible for customs/duty. Please ensure that is checked so that shipper is responsible, not Sierra Circuits.
- If for any reason, Sierra Circuits does end up receiving a bill for customs and duty, Sierra will add these charges to customer invoice and add a minimum $150 administrative/handling fee on top.