How to Analyze a PCB Transmission Line?

After establishing what a PCB transmission line is and talking about signal speed and propagation delay, and the critical length, the controlled impedance, and the rise/fall time of a PCB transmission line, we discussed impedance discontinuity and signal reflection. Today, we are going to explain how to analyze a PCB transmission line using quantities, such as voltages and currents, and line parameters, such as resistance, inductance, capacitance, and conductance.

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PCB Transmission Line: Critical Length, Controlled Impedance and Rise/Fall Time

After explaining the importance of the signal speed and propagation delay in a PCB transmission line, we are now going to talk about the transmission line effects, the critical length, the rise/fall time and when the length of an interconnection is to be considered as a controlled impedance transmission line.

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Impedance Calculator Tutorial

Sierra Circuits’ free Impedance Calculator will help PCB designers calculate their trace widths, single-ended or differential impedances – for both microstrip and stripline models – and other parameters such as the dielectric height, the dielectric constant, and the trace thickness. The tool will also provide a guide for dielectric constant values for various PCB materials.

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