This article covers in-depth the topic of losses in PCB transmission lines. We will talk about conductor loss, signal trace resistance, dielectric loss, loss tangent/dissipation factor of a dielectric, and total insertion loss.
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We previously quickly discussed signal reflection in our PCB Transmission Line series. This is an in-depth article about this very important topic that PCB designers should master. The first thing to remember is that reflections in transmission lines occur due to impedance discontinuity.
Today, we are going to talk about signal integrity. As a PCB designer, it is important for you to know the effects of via stubs on signal attenuation and data transfer rates.
A transmission line should have a uniform characteristic impedance. Any variation or discontinuities to the impedance causes signal reflection and distortion. Continue reading “How Impedance Discontinuities Affect Signal Integrity”
After establishing what a PCB transmission line is and talking about signal speed and propagation delay, and the critical length, the controlled impedance, and the rise/fall time of a PCB transmission line, we discussed impedance discontinuity and signal reflection. Today, we are going to explain how to analyze a PCB transmission line using quantities, such as voltages and currents, and line parameters, such as resistance, inductance, capacitance, and conductance.
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